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Urinary Ascites

An unusual cause of ascites is urinary ascites: this occurs when there is rupture of either the ureter or bladder, leading to leakage of urine into the peritoneal space. In adults, this is almost always due to either…

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Schistosomiasis and Renal Disease

Schistosoma species–also known as blood flukes and bilharzia–can cause some interesting forms of renal disease. Although this is not so common in the United States, it is a very common public health problem in Africa and Asia. Chronic…

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Renal Complications of ESWL

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), invented during the 1980s in Germany, uses concentrated pulses of sound waves to break up kidney stones too large to pass on their own into smaller pieces, which will then have a chance…

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Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare but severe complication of chronic UTIs. I think of it (in simplistic terms) as a pyelonephritis so severe that it results in loss of renal function of the affected kidney as well…

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UPJ Obstruction

UPJ obstruction is another common congenital abnormality which under some circumstances can lead to significant renal scarring and chronic kidney diseases. About 50% of ultrasounds during pregnancy which detect antenatal hydronephrosis turn out to have UPJ obstruction. UPJ…

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Time for some “Renal Radiology Rounds.” The case involves a 77 year-old man with a history of severe benign prostatic hypertrophy. He had been advised to have a TURP in the past but had repeatedly declined. He was…

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