Pearls for Boards

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1) Surreptitious vomiting or diuretic abuse – metabolic alkalosis, Laxative abuse – non-gap metabolic acidosis.

2) Aquaporin 2 –  apical membrane of collecting duct, Aquaporins 3 and 4 – basolateral membrane of collecting duct, Aquaporin 1 – proximal tubule.

3)  Hemodialysis access rule of 6s: 6 weeks after the AV fistula has been placed, the fistula should:
1) be able to support a blood flow of 600 ml/min 2) be at a maximum of 6mm from the surface 3) have a diameter greater than 6mm.

4) Chronic lead exposure: 1) Interstitial nephritis 2) Gout 3) HTN

5) Calcineurin inhibitors, key differences – Tacrolimus: hair loss and higher rates of NODAT. Cyclosporin: hair growth and gum hyperplasia.

1 comment

  1. FIstula rule of 6 : 4)Should have 6 cm segment to cannulate .

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