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Nephrology Boards

Pearls for Boards

1) Surreptitious vomiting or diuretic abuse – metabolic alkalosis, Laxative abuse – non-gap metabolic acidosis. 2) Aquaporin 2 –  apical membrane of collecting duct, Aquaporins 3 and 4 – basolateral membrane of collecting duct, Aquaporin 1 – proximal tubule….

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Pearls for Boards

1) In diabetic glomerular disease you can see linear staining of GBMs with IgG, Kappa and Lambda. 2) The three C3 immunoflourescence patterns of post strep GN 1) Starry Sky (most common) 2) Garland (less common) 3) Mesangial (resolving Starry…

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Pearls for Boards

1) Icodextrin sometimes causes a desquamating rash on the palms and soles. 2) Sirolimus, five side effects to watch 1) Poor wound healing 2) Lung toxicity 3) Hyperlipidemia 4) Proteinuria 5) Anemia/Thrombocytopenia. 3) Classic EM finding in post infectious GN: Large…

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Pearls for Boards

1) Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Deposition Disease breakdown – 80 to 90% LCDD, 10 to 20% LHCDD, <5% HCDD. 2) Small studies suggest tamoxifen and steroids may be of benefit in management of Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis in patients on PD. 3) Sodium restriction…

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