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The ELITE & the Rest in Kidney Transplantation

The ELITE-Symphony study enshrined standard triple therapy immunosuppression of tacrolimus, mycophenolic acid and prednisolone, for renal transplant recipients. We get familiar with these agents relatively quickly in our renal training, but what about the other less common agents…

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mTOR Pathway in Anti-phospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune hypercoagulable disorder characterized by small-to-large vascular (both arterial and venous) thrombosis with end-organ damages, in presence of circulating antibodies against phospholipid binding proteins. Kidney transplantation in patients with APS is challenging because…

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Rapamycin and PCKD

A couple of years ago, it was noted that mTOR inhibitors slowed the growth of cysts in animal models of Polycystic Kidney Disease. Although the activity of mTOR is minimal in normal renal epithelial cells, in cyst epithelial…

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Miracle drug?

A 72 year-old man who received a kidney transplant 5 years ago comes for a routine follow up. He is a quite active guy who recently traveled to Asia. His only major issue after transplant has been repetitive…

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Polycystic Kidney Disease, mTOR and Sirolimus

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by the gradual enlargement of multiple fluid filled cysts in both kidneys, which compress and destroy normal adjacent nephrons, typically resulting in ESRD by the fifth decade of life. Management…

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