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RFN Author

Pearls for Boards

1) Icodextrin sometimes causes a desquamating rash on the palms and soles. 2) Sirolimus, five side effects to watch 1) Poor wound healing 2) Lung toxicity 3) Hyperlipidemia 4) Proteinuria 5) Anemia/Thrombocytopenia. 3) Classic EM finding in post infectious GN: Large…

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Pearls for Boards

1) Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Deposition Disease breakdown – 80 to 90% LCDD, 10 to 20% LHCDD, <5% HCDD. 2) Small studies suggest tamoxifen and steroids may be of benefit in management of Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis in patients on PD. 3) Sodium restriction…

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Pearls for Boards

1) Alkaline urine encourages calcium phosphate nephrolithiasis. Three predisposing factors to watch for – 1) distal RTAs 2) Acetazolamide 3) Topiramate. 2) IgA nephropathy, common in Asians and Native Americans, rare in African Americans. 3) Stay alert for triphasic pattern of…

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Pearls for Boards

1) Topiramate – Watch for non-gap acidosis, nephrolithiasis and hyperammonemia. 2) Jak2 – the intracellular kinase activated by the binding of Epo to the Epo receptor. 3) Live vaccines are contraindicated in kidney transplant recipients – these include MMR, Varicella, Yellow…

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Differentiation Syndrome

I was recently rounding on a gentleman in the ICU with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) who, after starting induction therapy with tretinoin (all-trans retinoic acid), developed fever, hypotension, new pulmonary infiltrates with associated respiratory failure and AKI requiring…

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Pearls for Boards

1) Isopropyl alcohol does NOT cause an elevated anion gap acidosis, retinal toxicity (as does methanol), or renal failure (as does ethylene glycol). 2) Fibril diameter of the more common fibrillary diseases – Amyloid, Fibrillary GN, and Immunotactoid GP – is correlated…

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