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Tramadol and Hyponatremia

A patient presents to the emergency department with complaints of pain.  This is a common scenario seen over and over again in emergency rooms around the world on a daily basis. The recent crackdown on opioid prescriptions over…

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Hyponatremia and ESRD

Hyponatremia can be seen in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), often as a consequence of a patient’s increase in free water intake in the setting of the kidneys’ diminished ability to regulate sodium and water homeostasis. I…

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